Here they are, MPS’ newly proposed budget cuts

The Minneapolis Public Schools have issued the document below titled “Recommended Additional $6.4M in Central Office Budget Reductions & Adjustments.”

You will see the list of departments who will lose funds so the district can restore allocations to Minneapolis’ wealthiest and whitest schools.

Some of the line items require further explanation (i.e. “Academics”) so citizens know the specific programs within the departments will face the axe.

Here we go again: white Southwest families exploit MPS’ budget crisis to tilt the scales in their favor – again

Dr. Sergio Paez

The phrase “watch whiteness work” has never been more appropriate in Minneapolis’ education politics.

More on that shortly, but first the backdrop.

The Minneapolis Public Schools are broke. Between 2012 and 2017 the district busted its budget, spent its reserves and dug a hole that now challenges its very existence. Two years ago Ed Graff, MPS’ superintendent, warned of the district’s looming deficit (which reached $33 million last year) and promised a plan to get the system back to fiscal health.

After over a year of tweaking, trimming, squeezing, plotting, and planning Graff’s financial team delivered a proposal for cuts that was equal parts thoughtful and painful. It was a jagged pill to swallow, but fair people could see how it was necessary.

Unfair people were not as accommodating. Some of them adopted Veruca Salt as their spirit animal.

One group, parents at Washburn High School, home to the child of a school board member, responded by quickly organizing to make sure budget cuts did not take away any of their ponies.

Here’s a spoiler: they won. Whiteness always does in Minneapolis.

Funding (white) Privilege

Washburn is the lowest poverty and whitest school in Minneapolis, and the majority of the money cut from their budget was from a special fund given to them by a previous superintendent to subsidize their wide array of elective classes that poorer schools didn’t have.

Washburn and South High schools got the money in 2015 so they could move from six-period to seven-period days. The funds were presumably intended to ease their transition with the expectation that the schools would make budget adjustments to pay the continuing costs.

They didn’t make the adjustments and instead treated the special funding as mad money. Last year Washburn gave up their seventh period but they still want the money.

Schools that already had a seven-period day, like Roosevelt High School, didn’t get the same bump in funding that Washburn did which meant they were paying for something that the superintendent was subsidizing for wealthier schools (using money from the general fund).

In short, the funds being cut by Graff from their budget was money they shouldn’t have received in the first place. But, when you are privileged, losing anything seems like oppression.

(White) Parent Power


The power of Southside parents was evident when Director Rebecca Gagnon introduced a surprise resolution that took her school board colleagues and district staff off center. It called for $6.4 million of “time-adjustment” funding to be restored immediately, with some or all of that money coming from future revenue earmarked to restore the district’s anemic reserves to the level specified in board policy.

The district is supposed to reserve a fund balance that is 8% of total expenses to weather unforeseen events like a government shut down. The current board voted to suspend that policy for one year so they could draw from the reserves to solve past budget shortfalls. Since then the reserve has since dwindled to a dangerous 4% for the fiscal year 2018. That means Gagnon’s resolution could drive MPS into statutory operating debt and make it a budgetary red-light district under the watchful thumb of Minnesota’s Department of Education.

To that point, Ibrahima Diop (the district’s Chief Financial Officer) said at a recent school board meeting that the reserves could only cover two weeks of expenses if there was an emergency. Gagnon’s response was to suggest the district get outside financial advice to second guess Diop’s understanding of the budget.

Everyone who encounters Diop says the district doesn’t deserve him. Almost no one considers Gagnon a cognitive champion.

A tough process

At the front end of the budgeting process district leaders must predict how many students will be enrolled, how much money that will come from local levies, referendums, and property taxes (along with state and federal sources); and how much money is needed to keep district commitments to staff, programs, schools, and special student populations.

The state only chips in $6,067 per regular education student, but some students fit into special categories that generate substantially greater funding. For example, students struggling with poverty, those that are learning English as an additional language, those that qualify for special education services, and those needing gifted and talented programs generate additional funds on top of the basic formula.

MPS also gets $16 million for integration efforts, $9 million for extended day learning options, $20 million in state grants, and $41 million in Federal support for programs mostly aimed at addressing poverty.

Altogether this means a school’s fortune is tied to how many students they attract and the number of its students qualifying for special categories.

Feed the rich

Clearly, Minneapolis’ high schools with the largest number of affluent parents are the winners of Gagnon’s resolution.

Washburn would get have its time adjustment funding returned along with $241,800 in one-year bridge money, and Southwest would get an even longer bridge at $293,000. The former would end up recovering the majority of their budget cuts, and the latter would actually see a budget increase over last year. The majority of MPS’ poor schools can’t say the same.

Gagnon has said she feared failure to pass the resolution that organizers at her school wrote for her would cause them to bolt the district or actively work to kill the upcoming $30 million referendum.

That’s hardball.

So, who are the losers? In short, we don’t know yet. How Graff squeezes the proverbial blood from a stone is a mystery. MPS staff agonized for months on how to obtain a structurally balanced budget (one where projected expenditures are less than projected revenue), so it isn’t as if there is an unseen pain-free way to produce $6.4 million.

22 of the schools prioritized in the new budget have greater than 70%. poverty, far higher than Southwest’s and Washburn’s rates. They may get a small increase in funds upfront, but they should brace for a kick in the ass later.

For example, Patrick Henry’s budget reduction was greater than Washburn’s (1.9 million vs. 1.6 million), but their share recovered ($550,605 vs. $787,248) from Gagnon’s resolution may not cover other services the Graff may be cut to fulfill it. This includes custodians, English Language Learner services, support for struggling black male students, and minority teacher recruitment.

That’s something Gagnon’s crew omitted when courting Henry and other schools to join forces with Washburn.

The question we all should  ask once the details of Graff’s new budget are announced is how did a board with a majority of representatives from communities of color allow one white school board member and a handful of white parents act as a shadow government and privately rewrite an urban school district’s entire budget merely to save a few dollars for their own kids?

The answer is that Gagnon endorsed them all during their elections, something we should remember as she seeks another term on the MPS board this year.

MPS might fix its budget mess by cutting support services to black males


After three years or so of overspending, the Minneapolis Public Schools have a problem.

It’s a $33 million problem that has district leaders scrambling for good china to sell, jewelry to hock, and useless programs to cut.

Guess what might not survive?

Insiders say the Office of Black Male Student Achievement could quietly shut down.

It’s been three years now and Michael Walker, the OBMSA’s Director, and his staff have failed to wipe out the racial disparities it took the district a century of neglect to create.

With a budget Armageddon pending, programs that don’t work must go. Or, so the internal narrative says.

MPS Superintendent Ed Graff practicing a trite brand of confessional and practiced transparency sent a public letter back in February to announce the problem:

….for the past five years, MPS has routinely spent significantly more money than it has – resulting in mid-year budget shortfalls that jeopardize the stability of our schools and their management. You may recall seeing the audit of last year’s finances which found a $21 million shortfall mid-way through last year. Unfortunately, this wasn’t an isolated incident. During each of the past five years, auditors uncovered similar mid-year shortfalls totaling anywhere from approximately $326,000 to $38 million.

Don’t worry though, Graff has a plan for resolving the budget problem.

A 10% reduction in costs from central administration, 2.5% skimming from school budgets, and a squandering of the district’s reserves for the rest.

Of course, the incessant whispers about a certain MPS’ Board Chair who got far too cozy with the previous Chief Financial Officer (to the point of acting like a paid employee rather than an elected board member), which resulted in the district being broker than broke, isn’t the worst of it.

The real problem, the one that justified establishing the OBSA, remains the same.

Black kids in MPS are drowning academically and socially.

The MPS is a district of “schools,” and as such you expect them to be teaching, and for students to be learning, and by any measure that isn’t happening – especially for the high-potential students Walker is nurturing to health.

Just look at this nonsense:

Screenshot (31)

One in five black students proficient. Even fewer prepared to be scientific.

It’s hard to imagine the Minneapolis Board of Education has time to discuss anything other than [black] student achievement, but this isn’t really a “black” or “achievement” oriented board.

Ok, so it’s not all bad news.

Looking at overall suspensions the trend is going in the right direction with fewer suspensions, out-of-school removals, expulsions, referral to law enforcement, and administrative transfers.


See the good trends for yourself:


That’s something to celebrate.

We can’t be sure that Walker’s (all-black) team of professionals made that happen, but it’s progress.

Back when Walker’s office started MPS black students had an average 1.9 GPA, a 36% 4-year graduation rate, 5,701 days of missed because of suspensions, and 20,893 referrals for discipline.

Since then the OBSA has engaged the black community – elders, parents, leaders, barbers, you name it- and internal stakeholders. They have trained 1,200 teachers with strategies for reducing bias against black males.

But, happy stats aside, real problems remain.

For instance, 2017-18 looks bad for Washburn High School. Their suspension, removals, and calls for law enforcement point upward:

Washburn (2)

Southwest High School seems to have obliterated suspensions by punting kids into police paddy wagons and waving them adieu.

Screenshot (28)

And, North High, the really tiny school with small class sizes and more funding than any school in the district?

A damn trainwreck.

Here are their suspensions:


And, their academic outcomes?


Screenshot (32)

To that we say….


This looks like a district that needs Walker and his office more than the other way around.

Listen, it’s obvious MPS has a problem with black students, and those problems won’t be solved by starting and stopping programs that improve the culture of schools and provide critical mentoring and support.

In the past, BAE raised holy hell to get a realistic budget for Walker and the OBMSA. We feared the district was treating this work like a vanity project only to give the illusion of equity.

We won’t stand for that now.

Every city with a black male achievement program says the same thing: the work takes time and district leadership has to be in it for real.

Walker and his team are doing their work, building something that is essential, and they deserve to keep their little $1.2 million budget to continue.

This board, this superintendent, and all their careerists need to find a way to fix the budget mess they created without robbing the OBMSA to do it.

We’re watching.


Statement of support for the #MOA11 and #BlackLivesMatter


The Black Advocates for Education (BAE) was formed to pursue educational justice for black children, and to challenge the white supremacist structures that diminish lives in our community. We see no greater expression of that challenge than the courageous organizing carried out by a new generation of social activists who fuel the #BlackLivesMatter movement. They have bravely stepped forward at a critical time in history when the collective consciousness of oppressed people is rising, and the stoic indifference of oppressors is being disturbed.

We stand firmly united with them. We believe all people who envision a moral and just universe should do so.

Just before Christmas last year about 3,000 #BlackLivesMatter demonstrators gathered peacefully at the Mall of America. They came together in a show of solidarity with others across the country who were also gathering to assert the sanctity of black life. Symbolically, there could not have been a better time to assert the unsurpassable worth of black lives than during the season when good people celebrate the birth of Christ, who is the eternal champion of the poor and the oppressed.

Further, there was no better location to hold such a demonstration than the Mall of America, a symbolic capital of our country’s gross materialism which places desire for things above care for people, strivings for wealth above submission to compassion, and selfish individualism above the achievement of a beloved community.

It troubles us that the response of Mall of America property owners and public officials has been to use the power of law to suppress the voices they care not to hear. They are pursuing criminal charges against 11 courageous demonstrators who have been singled out for prosecution by the City of Bloomington’s attorney. One of those demonstrators includes a BAE founding member, civil rights attorney and law professor, Nekima Levy-Pounds.

The founding members of Black Advocates for Education stand with our sisters and brothers who are facing charges, and all of their supporters. We join their call for a boycott not only of the Mall of America, but also the City of Bloomington.

We heed the words of Dr. Martin Luther King who said “somewhere we must come to see that human progress never rolls in on the wheels of inevitability. It comes through the tireless efforts and the persistent work of dedicated individuals who are willing to be co-workers with God.”

We are black advocates. We know #BlackLivesMatter, because Black Lives Matter! We intend to be God’s relentless co-workers until first are last, and the last are first.

More power to the #MOA11 and the millions they represent in the U.S. and around the world.


Hooray! MPS children have been emancipated from virtual slavery


During black history month we were incredulous to learn that Mission 2: Flight to Freedom, a “game” that virtualizes slavery and places students into the role of slave, was being used in at least one Minneapolis public school.

On February 18th BAE members sent the following message to Minneapolis Public Schools:

Dear Chair Arneson and Interim Superintendent Goar,

It has come to our attention that a student at Seward Montessori school has asked to opt out of participating in the use of Mission 2: Flight to Freedom, a software that simulates slavery.
We are disturbed that any children in the MInneapolis Public Schools would participate in the gamification of a human atrocity. For black children this “game” can be harmful and cause a hostile learning environment.
We would like to call your attention to two pieces of information:

First, a blog post by Rafranz Davis points out the problems with this slavery simulation software. Educators of color have widely rejected this software.

Second, she also highlights the fact that years ago black parents in Arizona sued for discrimination after their schools used slavery simulation software.

We call on you to end the use of this demeaning and debasing software in Minneapolis Public Schools. Please send a directive for all your schools insisting they stop using Mission 2: Flight to Freedom and any software that simulates slavery.
In the interim a deeper analysis of this story was done by Beth Hawkins writing for MinnPost. You can read there here.
We are happy that the Minneapolis Public Schools have done an investigation into the use of offensive slavery simulation software and concluded it is not appropriate for students. See their letter below.

MPS Slavery Simulation Complaint by Black Advocates for Education

Speaking truth, demanding change

BAE leader Nekima Levy-Pounds spoke the truth to the Minneapolis School Board tonight, calling them out for giving away $357,000 in a no-bid contract on the buddy system and leaving children behind. This district underserves its poorest schools, even thought it spends $21,000 per child on a miseducation.

“We’re sick and tired of being sick and tired,” Nekima said.

We all agree.

Professor Nekima Levy-Pounds speaks truth the Minneapolis School Board – Oct. 14, 2014 from D.A. Bullock on Vimeo.

Exposing Jim Crow, Jr. in Minneapolis Public Schools

The data in Minneapolis speaks for itself. Less than half of the black males in Minneapolis graduate on time. Far fewer are proficient or ready for post school life. Some schools in Minneapolis are without a single proficient black student. This human catastrophe is happening in one of the wealthiest, and most college-educated states in the union. Right under the nose of liberal mecca, racialized outcomes for people of color are insufferable.

Enter BAE. We’ve had enough. And our leaders continue to side with the powers that be rather than the power of we. When news broke recently that our leaders on every level were involved in a questionable boondoogle involving a $375,000 no-bid contract granted to a non-existent community partner, we were done.

We are sick and tire. Our children need justice. We must be the tip of the spear.

So, last night we jammed up our “leader’s” twitter handles.

To see how it went down, click here.